EPA on Toxic Mold
from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] website epa.gov
EPA mold advice on how to prevent mold growth and how to remove and remediate mold
problems and mold infestations.
- Potential health effects and
symptoms associated with toxic mold exposures include allergic reactions,
asthma, and other respiratory complaints.
- There is no practical way to
eliminate all mold and mold spores in the indoor environment; the way
to control indoor mold growth is to control moisture.
- If mold is a problem in your
home or school, you must clean up the mold and eliminate sources of
- Fix the source of the water
problem or leak to prevent mold growth.
- Reduce indoor humidity (to
30-60% ) to decrease mold growth by: venting bathrooms, dryers, and
other moisture-generating sources to the outside; using air
conditioners and de-humidifiers; increasing ventilation; and using
exhaust fans whenever cooking, dishwashing, and cleaning.
- Clean and dry any damp or wet
building materials and furnishings within 24-48 hours to prevent mold
- Clean mold off hard surfaces
with water and detergent, and dry completely. Absorbent materials such
as ceiling tiles, that are moldy, may need to be replaced.
- Prevent condensation: Reduce
the potential for condensation on cold surfaces (i.e., windows,
piping, exterior walls, roof, or floors) by adding insulation.
- In areas where there is a
perpetual moisture problem, do not install carpeting (i.e., by
drinking fountains, by classroom sinks, or on concrete floors with
leaks or frequent condensation).
- Molds can be found almost
anywhere; they can grow on virtually any substance, providing moisture
is present. There are molds that can grow on wood, paper, carpet, and
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